Hair fall in women can result from hormonal imbalance, heredity, aging, or some undiagnosed medical conditions. Hereditary hair loss associated with aging is the most frequent cause of baldness. Hair fall can occur in several ways, depending on what is causing it. It can come slowly or instantly and affect the scalp and the entire body.
Some people lose their hair in patches on the scalp, while others experience gradual thinning on the tops of their heads, which is the most common type of hair loss affecting people as they age. A physical or mental upset may result in hair loss. Hair fall is a symptom of several diseases, including polycystic ovary syndrome, ringworm on the scalp, autoimmune diseases, and thyroid disorders. [1, 2]
Cause of Hair Fall in Women
- Hereditary conditions are the most common cause of hair loss that occurs with the aging process. This hereditary condition is called androgenic alopecia or female-pattern baldness. In women, the hair gets thinner all over the head.
- Hormonal imbalances due to childbirth, pregnancy, menopause, and thyroid problems can cause temporary or permanent hair loss.
- Medical conditions, including alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease, can cause patchy hair fall. The immune system triggers hair follicles along with other healthy parts of the body. This may also be provoked by stress and can cause severe hair loss.
- Scalp infections and “hair pulling disorder” are impulse control disorders that involve the urge to pull out the hair from the scalp or other body parts.
- Hair fall can result from certain drug intakes, such as those used for cancer, depression, heart problems, gout, and high blood pressure.
- Traction alopecia, which results from over-styling the hair and pulling it excessively tightly, exerts pressure on the follicles and results in hair loss. If traction alopecia advances, an individual may develop bald spots and a thinning of the hair.
- Nutritional deficiencies can also cause hair loss. Diets that are too low in proteins and vitamins can cause excessive hair fall.
- Ringworm is a fungal infection that can cause hair loss. Ringworm on the scalp may cause temporary bald patches on the head.
- Hair is not immune to the damage smoking can cause. Toxins in cigarette smoke can also cause hair loss. [1, 2, 3, 4]
What Causes Hair Thinning?
- Genes: Genes play an important role in female pattern baldness, which is a common part of aging. If you are a woman, your hair may get thinner overall, but the condition is not likely to make your hairline recede or bring on baldness. Men’s hair may thin near the top of their heads, and they are more likely to have a receding hairline and balding.
- Stress: Certain stressful events can make the hair look thin. It is a condition called telogen effluvium, and the hair usually grows back on its own. Triggers for hair loss induced by stress may include childbirth and surgery.
- Thyroid dysfunction: The thyroid gland regulates metabolism, growth, and many other bodily functions. If the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, it can cause hair loss. 
- Diet: Nutritional deficiencies are one of the major causes of hair loss. Hair loss can also be caused by insufficient amounts of certain nutrients from food.
- Pulled-back hairstyles: Ponytails, braids, cornrows, and other styles that pull on the locks can thin hair in areas where the tug is the tightest. [2, 3]
How is Female Hair Loss Treated? What Treatments or Dietary Supplements Could Be Useful?
Treatment is based on the underlying cause of hair loss. There may be no need for treatment when the loss is brought on by stress or hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy. After some time, the hair loss will halt.
- Treatment includes refraining from the actions that contributed to the damage, such as wearing tight braids or ponytails or using particular chemicals, or due to poor hair styling techniques.
- An individual may be instructed to take supplements when there are nutritional deficits. They might be instructed to take a multivitamin and three to five milligrams of biotin each day.
- Treating female pattern hair loss (FPHL) with minoxidil is permitted. A woman can acquire the 2% or 5% solution from shops. The product must be used endlessly, and the woman must strictly adhere to the instructions. If she is nursing a baby or intends to get pregnant, she should not use this product. 
- For the treatment of FPHL, the US FDA has given the Laser comb low-light laser approval. The laser helmets, low-light laser caps, and other laser products are additional items with FDA approval. 
- Another choice is surgical hair transplantation. A small scalp strip with hair follicles is removed from the back of the head and placed in slits in the bald spots. Finding enough hair for a transplant may be difficult when bald spots are huge. Furthermore, the procedure can be expensive and is typically not covered by insurance. 
- Protein-Rich Plasma (PRP) injections are the best hair growth treatment for women and have also been used to promote hair growth and reverse baldness. Blood from a patient is frequently used to make PRP. The blood for injection is subsequently given back to the patient once the platelets have been concentrated. 
Taking supplements can also help to reverse hair loss by providing essential nutrition and unique hair requirement to promote the growth of new hair follicles. [1, 3, 4]
Tips for Managing Excessive Hair Loss in Women:
- Avoid washing your hair too frequently because doing so depletes the quantity of essential oil for healthy hair. A gentle shampoo must be used to cleanse the hair. Verify that no harsh chemicals are included in the shampoo.
- Deep conditioning of the hair helps combat dryness and revitalize the hair.
- Wet hair should not be tied because it causes more breakage.
- Regular oiling of the hair is essential to prevent dryness. It nourishes the scalp and fortifies the hair roots. Massage with hair oil improves scalp blood flow, which delivers nutrients to the hair roots.
- Drinking more water and being hydrated helps to keep the scalp and hair moisturized by removing toxins from the body. A healthy diet must be consumed as directed when it comes to taking care of hair.
- Do not use hot water to wash the hair, as it can damage the strands. When washing your hair, choose warm or cold water. Trim hair regularly to avoid dull ends and keep the hair looking healthy.
- Stress is one of the primary causes of severe hair loss in females.
- Avoid stress if you want strong, healthy hair. Do not allow stress to rule your life because it can harm your hair significantly and affect you in many other ways. [4, 5]
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