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Do Sports People Take Supplements?

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All those who get indulged in regular exercises or sports of their choice undoubtedly would want to push their bodies hard enough to take the most profit from their efforts and give the best performance. Athletes usually have high energy demands depending upon their need for growth, development, general health, and physical activity level. For achieving optimal performance in the sports field, they would essentially require good nutrition and a well-hydrated body.

Nutrient-rich foods are loaded with proteins, dietary fibers, vitamins, and minerals, unlike processed foods that have abundant sugars and are high in calories. That’s why every athlete is recommended to eat whole foods like fresh fruits, vegetables, proteins, whole grains, and dairy items. However, if their diet is not sufficiently providing the required nutrients to their body, they could turn to some supplements to meet their needs. [1, 2, 4]

What is a Supplement?

The supplement is a nutrient-dense formulation that is purposely intended to be used in addition to a habitually consumed healthy diet. It can be a particular food, a food component, a non-food compound, or a nutrient that is not used as a substitute for a nutritious diet. The effectiveness of supplements is rarely seen without a well-designed nutrition plan.

Dietary supplements are a personal choice. They are orally taken and readily available in different forms like pills, capsules, tablets, powders, energy bars, or liquids. The food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not certify any dietary supplements which means it does not assure the purity, effectiveness, or safety of the supplements. The supplements do not require pre-market approval before being available to the general public for use. Those taken to improve sports performance contain an ingredient, generally termed a performance-enhancing substance (PES). [2,  3,  4, 5]

Why take Supplements?

The dietary supplements comprise one or more dietary ingredients: vitamins, minerals, herbs or botanical extracts, amino acids, and other substances to achieve good health, prevent or treat illnesses, compensate for poor diet, aid in recovery from physical training, and/or performance benefits. [4, 5]

Does a Sportsperson take Everyday Dietary Supplements?

Not all, but most athletes are often allured by the effective marketing of sports supplements. They end up purchasing dietary supplements which promise improved performance among other claims, as alternative nutrition for themselves to achieve desired results. Active adults and athletes may take supplements to meet their nutritional needs, address or prevent known nutritional deficiencies, and achieve their fitness goals or improve their athletic performance. Some supplements are meant for providing extra calories for athletes who are not taking certain foods because of their food allergies or other medical-related issues. Sports people are usually recommended for caffeine, whey protein, and creatine as supplements to boost their energy levels, fill their gaps of nutritional needs or nutrient deficiencies, and assist in their muscle building. [1, 2, 3]

Benefits of Supplements Usage by Sportsperson

Sports supplements have been in use for decades to enhance the performance of athletes belonging to multiple sports codes. These are often labeled as ergogenic aids because of their ability to provide a physical or psychological boost during their regular training and sports competitions. They are in much use by athletes as they offer the following benefits:

  • Increased resistance to fatigue
  • Enhanced muscular strength, tone, and power
  • Increased sprint and technical sports performance (including
  • endurance, speed, focus, and strength)
  • Improved reaction time
  • Greater sprint repeatability
  • Reduce body fat
  • Improvement in body aesthetics- by fulfilling the desire to gain/lose weight.

Thus, dietary supplements taken by athletes can help them gain a competitive edge. If athletes have busy lifestyles, they could go for supplements as “quick fixes”. Moreover, athletes may even be recommended for sports supplements if they are medically diagnosed with conditions like iron-deficiency anemia, low bone mineral density, or low Vitamin D; food intolerances/allergies; change in their eating habits (like plant-based diets, and diets eliminating food groups). Just by knowing these benefits and looking at the ingredients list of the supplements, many athletes may start taking the supplements. But, that’s not right as it’s always recommended to take the consent of medical professionals. [4, 6]

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  • Max Gains– Many sports nutrition products serve in the transformation of the bodies of athletes by taking the results of their workout or physical training to next level. These products are categorized into three series to address different body-building aspects, each one acting differently. The categories are bulking complex which includes three products: Anadroxin, Venabol, and Clenbulen; cutting series or fat incineration which includes three products: Trenoven, Promolex, and Venabol; health support series including three products: Nutra PCT, Joint Flex Ultra, and Probiotica.
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  • Garcinia Cambogia Plus– Garcinia Cambogia is a fruit grown in Southeast Asia and known to be loaded with a key compound called hydroxycitric acid (HCA). HCA can act against an enzyme called ATP citrate lyase which supports energy storage in the body as fat or cholesterol. Its extract contains abundant trace minerals such as potassium, chromium, and calcium that are involved in metabolism.
  • CLA 2000– This supplement is made with safflower oil, naturally made in form of an essential fat called Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA). CLA is one class of fatty acids that are closely related to the vital omega fatty acids. Usually, CLA can be obtained from beef, dairy, and other foods rich in polyunsaturated fats. It can support healthy body composition of essential fats and also support exercise and dieting goals. [7, 8, 9, 10]

References

  1. https://www.parkview.com/community/dashboard/are-supplements-beneficial-for-athletes
  2. https://www.lancastergeneralhealth.org/health-hub-home/2020/february/should-athletes-take-dietary-supplements
  3. https://www.verywellfit.com/supplements-4014137
  4. https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/specialties/sports-medicine/sports-medicine-articles/dietary-supplements-and-young-athletes#:~:text=Why%20do%20Athletes%20Use%20Dietary,tone%2C%20decrease%20body%20fat).
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37IWRs8-L1A
  6. https://www.scienceforsport.com/supplements-in-sport-what-are-the-benefits-and-risks/
  7. https://www.maxgains.com
  8. https://www.garciniacambogiaplus.shop
  9. https://www.slendarol.us
  10. https://www.cla2000.com

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