Breast lumps, soreness or tenderness in the breast, nipple discharge or inversion, and changes in the skin of the breast are all frequent in women of all ages, from teens to the elderly. While discovering a new breast problem can be alarming, most breast disorders are not developed by breast cancer. Women must care for their breasts as they age to avoid illnesses and cancer. Women can receive complete breast care treatments and screenings through healthcare. Mammography and therapies for breast cancer and other breast-related diseases, such as fibroid, cysts, non-cancerous tumors, and infections, are among the services provided. In addition, a woman can help keep her breasts healthy by practicing proper breast care at any age. 
Five Breast Issues a Woman Should Know About:
1. Tenderness or Breast Pain
The hormones which regulate the menstrual cycle are the most common cause of breast pain. Several days before the menstrual period, hormonal changes might produce soreness in both breasts. As the pain fluctuates with the menstrual cycle, it is referred to as “cyclical” breast discomfort. Breast cancer or other major breast disorders are unlikely to produce cyclical breast pain. Perimenopausal breast pain may also be connected to hormonal changes.
Less frequently, a woman may experience breast pain that does not coincide with her menstrual cycle (also called noncyclical breast pain). This pain is unrelated to the menstrual cycle and may affect only one breast or a specific location of the breast. Noncyclical breast discomfort is caused by something other than a problem with the breast, such as muscle or connective tissue tension, skin injury, spinal issues, or difficulties with another organ system (heartburn or chest pain). In addition, breast cancer causes noncyclical breast pain in only a few women. [1, 2]
2. Lumps and Cysts are Rather Common
Breast lumps are frequent, especially in women under the age of 50. Cysts, fluid-filled sacs trapped inside the breast tissue, create inevitable bumps. Cysts can be soft or hard; some people develop several cysts simultaneously. Surgery or emptying the cyst’s fluid with a tiny needle may be used to treat it.
Other causes of breast lumps are fibroadenomas and non-cancerous tumors composed of glandular and connective breast tissue. They frequently get sore before and during your menstrual cycle and diminish after menopause. Although breast lumps are usually benign, they should be evaluated by a doctor. 
3. Nipple Discharge
It is typical to have a milky-colored discharge (galactorrhea) from both nipples, especially during the first year or two after giving birth. Abnormal nipple discharge from both breasts can also develop in women with hypothyroidism as a side effect of certain drugs or as a result of a growth in the pituitary (a region of the brain) causing a rise in a hormone called prolactin.
Breast ducts, like other ducts in the body, produce and transport fluids. Many women can express a small amount of yellowish, greenish, or brownish discharge (squeezed out). It is commonly called a “physiologic” discharge and is not cause for alarm. A physiological discharge is not a bloody discharge. Spontaneous nipple discharge (discharge without squeezing), clear (not yellow or straw-colored), or bloody nipple discharge may be caused by an abnormal growth within the breast or, less usually, by breast cancer. Any woman experiencing nipple discharge should seek medical attention. [2, 3]
4. Inverted Nipples
Several women are born with nipples that invert (draw in) and evert (poke out) at different times (sometimes called “bifid,” “cleft,” or “slit-like” nipples). Other ladies report that this occurs after breastfeeding; any alarm does not cause this form of nipple inversion.
A woman should take advice from a healthcare practitioner if her nipples have always been everted and begin to invert for no apparent reason. Most causes of nipple inversion are not caused for alarm; however, this can occasionally be the first sign of breast cancer. As a first step, new nipple inversion is usually assessed with a breast examination and mammography. 
5. Changes in the Skin of the Breast
Skin disorders can develop on or near the breast, causing itching, scaling or crusting, dimpling, eczema, redness, or changes in skin color. While a serious breast condition does not cause the majority of these changes, if a skin problem on the breast does not go away within a few days, it is necessary to have it investigated.
Less common types of breast cancer, like Paget disease or inflammatory breast cancer, can cause more significant skin changes on the breast. Other, more common skin issues, such as rashes, moles, cysts, or skin infections, can also arise in the breast area. A breast examination and a mammogram are routinely included in evaluating breast skin changes. A skin biopsy may be required to confirm the diagnosis. [1, 2, 3]
Things to Note
Breast symptoms, such as lumps, swelling, and nipple discharge, are all potential symptoms of breast cancer, but they can frequently be symptoms of benign breast conditions – not cancer. Observe how your breasts normally appear and feel, and report any changes to your healthcare provider to help maintain their health.
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