A low sperm count signifies a low level of normal sperm count in the fluid (semen) ejaculated during an orgasm. Oligospermia is another name for low sperm counts. Azoospermia is the medical term for a sperm count of 0. Less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen is regarded as a lower-than-normal sperm count.
The likelihood that one man’s sperm will fertilize his partner’s egg and cause conception, can decrease if one has a low sperm count. However, many guys with low sperm counts can still become fathers. 
Symptoms of Weak Sperm:
The main sign of a low sperm count is the inability to conceive a child. For some men, an underlying condition such as inherited chromosomal abnormalities, hormone imbalances, dilated testicular veins, or a condition that inhibits sperm from flowing through can cause signs and symptoms. [1, 2]
Among the signs of a low sperm count are:
- Problems with sexual function, such as decreased sexual drive or problems maintaining an erection.
- Experiencing pain, edema, or a lump close to the testicles
- Diminished facial or body hair, as well as other signs of chromosomal or hormonal problems. [1, 2, 3, 4]
Causes of Weak Sperm:
The intricate process of producing sperm depends on the healthy operation of the testicles, the hypothalamus, and the pituitary gland, two brain structures that create hormones that stimulate sperm production. The fragile tubes that carry sperm to the penis from the testicles, where they join with semen, are where they travel after they are produced. Any of these systems may encounter problems that affect sperm production. Furthermore, abnormalities in sperm morphology, motility, or function could develop. [1, 2, 4]
Medical Causes of Weak Sperm:
Several illnesses and treatments can bring on low sperm counts. A few of these are:
1. Varicocele: A varicocele is an augmentation of the testicular veins. It is the most common and curable cause of male infertility. Even though the exact cause of varicoceles that lead to infertility is unknown, poor testicular temperature regulation may play a role. Varicoceles result in decline in the quality of the sperm.
2. Infection: Some infections might affect sperm health or production or lead to scarring that prevents sperm from passing through. These include sex-related illnesses like gonorrhea or HIV and inflammation of the testicles or epididymis. However, even though some diseases might permanently destroy the testicles, sperm is often retrievable.
3. Ejaculation Difficulties: During an orgasm, if semen enters the bladder rather than arriving out of the tip of the penis, it is known as retrograde ejaculation. Numerous medical conditions, including diabetes, spinal injuries, and bladder, prostate, or urethral surgery, can cause retrograde ejaculation or the absence of ejaculation.
4. Medications: Alpha blockers used to treat high blood pressure are one kind of medicine that may cause ejaculatory issues. Sperm can be taken straight from the testicles in most situations with persistent ejaculation issues.
5. Sperm-Attacking Antibodies: Immune system cells, also known as the anti-sperm antibodies, mistakenly view sperm as harmful invaders and make an effort to eliminate them.
6. Tumors: Male reproductive organs can be directly affected by cancers and benign tumors, indirectly through reproductive hormone-producing tissues like the pituitary gland, or through unexplained causes. Male fertility may also be impacted by tumor-related surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
7. Undescended Testicles: One or both testicles may occasionally fail to plunge from the abdomen into the sac that houses the testicles during fetal development (scrotum). Reduced fertility is more likely to affect men with this condition.
8. Imbalances in Hormone Production: The brain, pituitary, and testicles all create hormones necessary for the generation of sperm. Changes to these hormones and those from other organs, including the thyroid and adrenal gland, may hinder sperm production.
The testicle itself, the tubes that drain it, the epididymis, the vas deferens, close to the ejaculatory ducts, and the urethra are all potential places for obstruction on any scale.
9. Chromosomal Defects: Male reproductive organs grow abnormally due to inherited conditions like Klinefelter’s syndrome. In this condition, males are born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome instead of one X and one Y. Kartagener’s syndrome, Kallmann’s syndrome, and cystic fibrosis is a few different genetic syndromes linked to infertility.
10. Celiac Disease: Celiac disease, a digestive ailment brought on by a sensitivity to gluten, can impair male fertility. Following the adoption of a gluten-free diet, fertility may improve.
11. Certain Medicines: Male fertility can be decreased and sperm production hampered by testosterone replacement therapy, long-term anabolic steroid use, chemotherapy, some antifungal and antibiotic medications, some ulcer medications, and other drugs.
12. Primary Operations: Vasectomy, inguinal hernia repairs, scrotal or testicular surgery, prostate surgery, and extensive abdominal surgery for testicular or rectal cancer, among other processes, may all prohibit one from having sperm in their ejaculate. Surgery can often remove these obstructions or remove sperm straight from the testicles and epididymis. [1, 2, 4, 5]
What Makes Ejaculations Weak?
A weaker-than-normal orgasm can result from any disorder that affects the muscles and nerves governing ejaculation.
- Diminished Pelvic Muscles: The muscles that force semen out of the body are weakened by aging. Ejaculation force may decrease when these muscles deteriorate.
- Low Amounts of Hormones: Androgens, a class of male hormones, are essential for a fulfilling sexual life. These hormone levels decrease as a guy age. Levels that fall significantly can result in lesser orgasms.
- Retrograde Ejaculation: Semen exits a man’s penis through his urethra on each ejaculation. A valve functions as a gate between the urethra and the bladder. It stops sperm from entering the bladder. [2, 3, 4]
The Following are Six Ways Men Can Boost Fertility and Make Their Sperm Healthy:
1. Do Daily Exercise: It is crucial to exercise for overall health. Men can increase blood flow in their bodies through exercise. Regular physical activity can improve male fertility.  Make sure to maintain a healthy weight to boost fertility. The body’s hormone balance can be disturbed by being overweight or underweight, which might result in reduced sperm counts. 
Here are a few more advantages of exercise:
- Regular exercising will raise testosterone levels.
- Men’s semen quality improved by it.
- Exercise regularly can increase fertility and lower the likelihood of infertility.
2. Reduced Tension: Male infertility is primarily brought on by stress, anxiety, and melancholy. Stress in mind prevents the majority of men from developing sexual feelings. The study found that stress harms one’s physical and mental well-being.
Keep the following in mind:
- Sexual desire may become less intense under stress.
- It raises the level of cortisol, which lowers the level of testosterone.
- Getting enough rest and taking the recommended medications for the issue are advisable.
- Take a full 8-hour nap each day, and men can also benefit from improved support at the infertility clinic. 
3. Ashwagandha: An all-natural treatment for infertility problems is ashwagandha. Scientific studies have shown that ashwagandha can treat infertility in several ways, including:
- It aids in boosting male fertility and testosterone levels.
- It is most well-known for raising sperm quality and quantity.
- Men who use ashwagandha won’t experience any adverse side effects on their bodies.
4. Eat more Meals High in Antioxidants: Antioxidants are chemicals that neutralize substances known as free radicals, which harm cells. Numerous vitamins and minerals produce antioxidants, and some studies have linked antioxidant intake to increased sperm count. Among the antioxidants that may support a healthy sperm count are:
- Vitamin C. 
5. Consume Wholesome, Nutrient-Rich Foods: Not just mom’s nutritional requirements will be tested during the pregnancy; men also require nutrients that increase fertility. It has also shown that walnuts and other antioxidant-rich meals, like fruits and vegetables, might enhance the quality of sperm. Additionally, shortages of vitamins C, D, and E, zinc, selenium, folic acid, and good fats like omega-3 fatty acids may affect the quantity and quality of sperm. 
6. Quit Drinking and Smoking: Lower sperm counts have associated with recreational drug use and smoking. A man’s stats can also drop if he drinks a lot. These behaviors, when combined, are especially detrimental to male fertility. There are numerous positive reasons to stop smoking, including the potential to increase fertility. According to research on smoking and sperm quality, smoking impacts a variety of sperm health factors, such as sperm counts, sperm motility (the sperm’s capacity to swim), and sperm shape.
Drinking too much alcohol can reduce fertility. It may be wise for males to cut back on, or perhaps cease, their alcohol use if they are hoping to conceive. 
Supplement that can help support Male Infertility Issues:
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