Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss that affects most men at some point in their lives. The disorder is also known as androgenetic alopecia, and it usually takes 15 to 25 years to go bald, but it can happen sooner.
Generally, the hair begins to thin (recede) along the sides first (the temples). At the same time, the hair on top of the head typically thins out. A bald patch develops gradually in the center of the head. The receding sides and the bald patch on top (the crown) eventually grow and merge, leaving a patch in front. The front patch progressively thins out as well. 
A rim of hair is frequently left around the back and sides of the head, which also thins and falls off in some males, leaving a completely bald scalp.
By the time they are 60 years old, nearly all men have some degree of hair loss. The age at which hair loss first appears can vary. Around three out of ten men under the age of 30 and half of men over the age of 50 show noticeable balding. [1, 2]
Causes of Male Pattern Baldness
- Family history: The most frequent reason for hair loss is genetics. There’s a considerable probability that one will lose hair as one ages if older family members tend to do so.
- A physical injury: There’s a possibility that the follicles won’t be able to create hair if an injury or burn injures them.
- Alopecia areata: It is a condition in which a small, circular hair region suddenly falls out without warning. Other body hair, such as the beard and eyebrows, may also be affected.
- Telogen effluvium: It is a reversible type of hair loss and results from a traumatic experience, like a hospital stay. It might also happen as a result of a brand-new drug.
- Tinea capitis: Tinea capitis is a fungal scalp infection that can result in small, localized scaly areas and pustules. It may lead to hair loss and permanent scars.
- Cicatricial alopecia: Hair loss that leaves behind permanent scarring is referred to as cicatricial alopecia. The hair follicles that are still alive are destroyed rather than creating new hair, and scar tissue forms as a result. This phrase describes several ailments that destroy hair follicles permanently.
- Nutritional deficiency: Hair loss can happen in men who have lost weight quickly or whose bodies don’t have enough protein, iron, or other vitamins. Actual vitamin insufficiency is relatively uncommon, though.
- Thyroid conditions: Hair loss is frequently developed by thyroid issues. If a guy experiences hair loss that seems to have no apparent explanation, doctors often advise testing this.
- Certain hairstyles or treatments: The hair follicles may get overworked and harmed over time by certain hairstyles. [1, 2, 3]
10 Symptoms of Male Hair Baldness
1. Thinning temples
The hair present around the temples begins to thin. The hair on a man’s crown, or the back of their head, will also be noticeably thinner.
2. A thinning hairline
The hair present on the front and sides of the head starts to thin and moves away from the face, called a “receding hairline.” As the hair on the sides of their heads is thinning more quickly than the hair in the center, persons who experience this type of hair loss frequently notice that their hairline has begun to form an “M” shape. This kind of hair loss affects a lot of men. [1, 3, 4]
3. The top of the head is getting thinner
In some cases, the hair on top of the head may thin as the first sign of hair loss. Men with this form of hair loss won’t notice that their hair is thinning or receding from the sides of their heads.
Slow progress is typical for this kind of hair loss. Years may pass before the top of their head is completely bald due to hair loss. In some racial groups, this hair loss pattern is very prevalent.
4. Widening part
A different type of hair loss makes the part line or the line where hair splits on top of the head wider and pulls apart. [2, 3, 4]
5. The entire head has thinner hair
Some people lose hair evenly throughout their entire head, and the thinning hair has no patterns or structures.
6. Formation of patches of scaling over the scalp
This can be a sign of ringworm infection. Along with this one can also experience broken hair, inflammation, swelling and oozing. Sometime it can also be caused by genetic hair loss condition.
7. Bulky hair shedding
Average hair loss happens gradually. But occasionally, men’s hair might undergo significant alterations. Instead of progressively thinning and receding, their hair sometimes falls out in huge clumps.
A health problem may be present if the hair is thinning or falling out in clumps. To find out what’s causing this kind of hair loss, it’s a good idea to consult a medical expert. [3, 4]
8. Losing hair everywhere on the body
Not all hair loss affects the head only, and it may occasionally occur in areas of the body that typically have hair growth.
Men may notice their body hair fading or failing to regrow after shaving. Aging may contribute to hair loss in the arms, legs, and other body regions. But it can also be a sign of specific medical issues. Describe this form of hair loss to the doctor if a man experiences it. [1, 4]
9. The hair suddenly becomes looser
Trauma, whether physical or mental, can cause hair to become loose. Men might lose a few handfuls of hair when brushing, washing, or even with a bit of tugging. Although transient, this form of hair loss typically results in generalized thinning.
10. The growth of hair takes more time
Male pattern baldness doesn’t impact the rate at which the hair grows, but it does affect the thickness of the hair and the overall number of hairs, which can give the impression that the hair is growing more slowly. However, its gradual development may affect the entire head, a specific region, or only one side of the head. [2, 4]
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Along with supplements eating a balanced diet, proper hydration, getting adequate sleep, minimizing stress, performing yoga, and exercising can help one support their overall health and reverse hair loss issues. [5, 6]